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Home » Understanding Public Sector Undertaking Bonds: A Guide For Investors

Understanding Public Sector Undertaking Bonds: A Guide For Investors

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Public Sector Bonds

Are you an investor looking for an alternative to traditional investments? Would you like to invest in something backed by the Government of India or your respective state government? Public Sector Undertaking (PSU) bonds might be the perfect fit. Read on to learn more about these bonds and how they can help you diversify your portfolio.

What are Public Sector Undertaking Bonds?

Public sector undertaking (PSU) bonds are debt instruments issued by public sector undertakings in order to raise funds from the capital markets. PSU bonds are typically issued with a tenure of 10 years and offer interest payments on a semi-annual basis.

PSU bonds are considered to be relatively safe investment instruments as they are backed by the government. Moreover, PSU bonds offer higher interest rates as compared to other fixed income instruments, making them an attractive investment option for investors looking for yield.

However, it is important to note that PSU bonds are subject to interest rate risk, as bond prices and yields move in opposite directions. Therefore, investors need to be aware of the potential risks before investing in these bonds.

Advantages of Investing in PSU Bonds

Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) in India are some of the most trusted and reputed organizations. They are known for their strong financial position and good governance practices. PSUs also have a good track record of timely payment of interest and principal amount on their bonds.

Investing in PSU bonds is considered to be one of the safest investment options in India. The risk of default is very low as PSUs are backed by the government. PSU bonds offer higher interest rates than other fixed income instruments such as bank fixed deposits and corporate bonds. The interest income from PSU bonds is exempt from tax.

PSU bonds give investors an opportunity to participate in the growth story of some of the largest and most trusted organizations in India. These bonds can be held till maturity or traded on stock exchanges. Trading in PSU bonds on stock exchanges gives investors an exit option and also provides liquidity.

What are the Different Types of PSU Bonds?

Public sector undertaking (PSU) bonds are debt instruments issued by Indian public sector companies to raise funds from the market. They offer higher interest rates than other government-backed bonds and are considered relatively safe investments.

PSU bonds are classified into two types: secured and unsecured.

Secured PSU bonds are backed by the assets of the issuing company, which provides some protection to investors in the event of default. Unsecured PSU bonds are not backed by any assets and thus carry more risk.

Investors can choose to invest in either type of bond, depending on their risk tolerance and investment goals.

How to Invest in PSU Bonds?

Public Sector Undertakings (PSU) are large, government-owned corporations in India. PSU bonds are debt instruments issued by these corporations to raise capital. PSU bonds are typically very safe investments because they are backed by the Indian government. However, they also tend to offer lower returns than other types of investments.

If you’re looking for a safe investment with relatively low returns, investing in PSU bonds may be a good option for you. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to do it:

1. Determine whether you’re eligible to invest in PSU bonds. In order to invest in these bonds, you must be an Indian resident over the age of 18.

2. Decide how much you want to invest. The minimum investment amount is typically 1,000 rupees (about $15).

3. Choose the right bond for you. There are many different types of PSU bonds available, so make sure to research and select the one that best meets your needs and objectives.

4. Fill out an application form and submit it along with your investment amount. You can usually find application forms on the website of the issuing corporation or through a broker or financial institution that offers these bonds.

5. Wait for your bond certificate to arrive in the mail. Once your application has been approved, you’ll receive a bond certificate within a few weeks. This document will contain important information about your investment, so make sure to keep it in a safe place.

6. Monitor your investment. Pay attention to the performance of your bond and be aware of any changes in interest rates or other factors that may affect the value of your investment.

By following these steps, you should be able to successfully invest in PSU bonds and benefit from their low-risk, low-return nature.

Taxation of PSU bonds

Public sector undertakings (PSUs) are required to pay taxes on their income from bonds, similar to other businesses. The taxes paid by PSUs on bond income are generally lower than the taxes paid by private companies, due to the special tax treatment accorded to them by the government.

PSU bonds are taxed at two levels: first, the interest income is taxed at the marginal rate of taxation applicable to the investor; and second, a corporate tax is levied on the PSU at the rate of 30%. However, many PSUs enjoy exemptions from paying this corporate tax, depending on their sector and nature of business.

The net effect of these two taxes is that the effective rate of taxation on PSU bonds is lower than the marginal rate of taxation applicable to the investor. This makes PSU bonds an attractive investment option for taxpayers in high marginal tax brackets.

The Risks Involved with Investing in PSU Bonds

When it comes to PSU bonds, there are a few risks that investors should be aware of. First and foremost, these bonds are not backed by the government like many other types of bonds. This means that if the PSU defaults on its debt obligations, investors will not be compensated by the government.

Another risk to consider is that PSUs are often subject to political risk. This means that changes in government policy could negatively impact the financial health of a PSU, which in turn could lead to default on its bonds.

Finally, PSUs tend to have higher levels of debt than other types of companies. This makes them more vulnerable to economic downturns and increases the likelihood of defaulting on their debt obligations.


Investing in public sector undertaking bonds can be a great way to diversify your portfolio and gain exposure to attractive returns. By understanding the features of these bonds, you can make an informed decision on whether or not it is the right fit for your investment strategy. With careful research and due diligence, investors of all levels can find success with this unique type of bond. BondsIndia is a Best online bonds platform provider (OBPP) If anyone Interested in any type or bonds and other fixed income securities you can go and collect the information and start invest now. Good luck in your search for the perfect investment!